Unit 18 – P1 & M1

National Parks
an area of countryside, or occasionally sea or fresh water, protected by the state for the enjoyment of the general public or the preservation of wildlife

Brecon Beacons, South Wales
This National Park was designated in 1957 and was the last National park in wales to be established. The park covers 519 square miles of land. However most of the land is a grassy moorland home to ponies and sheep, it is well known for its reservoirs, waterfalls and caves. The mountain centre opened in 1966 and is a main attraction helping visitors to inform people about the national park and educated them whilst enjoying the natural surrounding. Range of opportunities: There are four different kinds of walking routes; short, moderate, long and bus walking routes and 14 cycling routes (walking and cycling holidays can also be booked within the national park). There are also routes you can do with headphones in listening to audio’s about the route. Within the National Park there are five camp sites. To fish in the Brecon Beacons you need a rod licence which can be purchased for one day, eight days or a year. If customers are more interested in water sports, River Wye which is the most known river in the park is the place to go to do white river rafting  and kayaking activities. Many team building activities take place in the Brecon Beacons and the main customer types are students, families, friends, stag and hen parties and corporate groups. They create a designed program to each individual group with a mixture of fun activities, physical challenges and problem-solving exercises. Tourists play a major part in the national parks upkeep and every year 4.1 million visitors go to the Brecon beacons . It has been known that the Brecon Beacons has some of the best, and most easily accessible natural wildlife viewing locations in the UK so along with this,there are five top locations in the whole of the national park to admire the scenery and take breath taking pictures of the park There is a lot of geography in the Brecon Beacons in the national park both past and present factors wether it be past on how the place was formed or the increase of tourism. Many case studies for exam work takes place in the national park also some field trips take place in park and they involve  navigation and orienteering courses for study tours and educational trips for mainly students but may also attract corporate companies . The customer types which are attracted to this national park are families and people interested int the area.

New Forest, Hampshire

New forest is a national Park and is 219 square miles, there are many villages and towns around the park. The park is one of the last remaining open pasture land in the extremely populates south east of England and was designated on the 22nd September 1993. The nearest city to New Forest is Southampton and in 2009, over 14 million people visited the National Park. Range of opportunities: There are 80 guided walks with different levels of difficult based on your athletic skill and there are 10 camping sites in New Forest and whilst camping in the natural surroundings the parks animals may roam around (ponies and deers) You can do fishing but you have to buy a permit to fish in the national park and it ranges from £8 to £143 (amount of rods, and for a day, week or a year). There are 100 miles of cycle tracks in the national park and 7% of the yearly visitors come to.There are locations in the national park where you can do team activities to gain other peoples trust and get along  within a company or school group and to learn about the heritage of the park by people working in the tourism centre. The forest is rich with animals and plants living in the national park which is over 200 square miles.  Another way of viewing the wildlife and the scenery is by sightseeing tours as you get the best views of the national park by walking, cycling and horse riding.Another tour is a photography tour which are £15 to learn how take photos of the scenery and capture the seasons changing, and it lasts for four hours.There are certain locations in the national park where only adults can go to escape the tourist filled locations of the park also some of these areas have lodges. For geography purposes related to the park  there are trips designed to coincide in with coursework and exam preparation and also trips to learn about the history of the park and how they can protect the future of the national park. The national park will attract families, school trips, work and student team bonding groups and sport enthusiasts.
Loch Lomond & The Trossachs , Scotlan

It is the fourth largest national park in the British Isles.The main attractions of this park is the scenery, walking and the diverse wildlife. The park is around 1,865 sq. km and has many mountains, lochs, rivers, forests and woodlands. Range of opportunities:there are many trails through the woodland or along the coast, there are guided walks and routes designated for dog walkers.To go fishing in the national park you need permits and permission and accept the rules and obey them. If people are interested in cycling — there are 12 cycling routes varying from easy to difficult and for keen mountain bikers there are two hard routes to attempt. Watersport’s activities range from; canoeing, waterskiing, sailing and windsurfing. Also open water swimming. The team building exercises are:  Archery, hill walking, sailing, jet skiing and BBQ’s. In 2012, 1.75 million visitors visited the national park and £240 million was spent and with that money traditional buildings can be repaired and restored back to how they should look. Loch Lomond is teaming with wildlife mainly in the woods, mountains, locks and coasts. And for geography related field trips there are outdoor classrooms learning about the habitats and the wildlife through educated park rangers. The national park will attract families, school trips, work and student team bonding groups and sport enthusiasts.

Exmoor, Somerset
The national park also has the most amount of red deer in England and also has the longest stretch of naturally wooded coastline in the whole of the British Isles. The famous Exmoor pony lives in the national park as the breed only lives in the British Isle. Range of opportunities: There are 1000 km of walkways to go exploring or if fishing is more
thing it is free in the park but you can pay to go on a boat fishing trip. There are 3 cycling groups in the National Park and you ride all the way to the highest point which is 1705ft at Dunkery. There is mountain biking you go on hills or do cross country, theres marathons which are 12,24 or 36 miles long. There are three lakes where you can do canoeing and other water sports. For team building activities there are three or 7 nights programs in the park to earn points to win prizes by doing activities: cryptic puzzles, tree climbing and breaking mazes. 1.4 million people visit every year and roughly spend about £85 million. The tourists come to visit a vast array of species with rare butterflies and bats. Also there is a exmoor national park mag where you can take tips from the national park on taking pictures. There are 300 miles of open land to do horse riding and is the best riding place in the country. The geography related to the park is that you can learn about the main physical features. The national park will attract families, school trips, work and student team bonding groups and sport enthusiasts.
Dartmoor, Devon
Dartmoor national park is in devon and is home to the highest point in the south of England — High Willhays which is 621 meters high. The national park is very hilly and there are remains of volcanic activity. There is also the endangered marsh fritillary butterfly. The national park is 953 square kilometres. Range of opportunities: In Dartmoor National Park there are relaxing and challenging walks and you can do it in groups, also there are 11 routes and in total 368 miles to do ride a bike. To do fishing in Dartmoor there is 5 lakes to fish in but you have to buy a permit. The water sports related activities are: dry water rafting, wild swimming however there is no canoeing or kayaking in the summer. Furthermore Team building activities consist of: gorge scrambling, river crossings and can last for a day or 5, stay in the park or not. Every year on average there is 2.4 million visit Dartmoor and spend around £111 million.  90% of the park is for farming so there is not much diverse wildlife. You can learn about the formation of the tors which are 280 million years old. The national park will attract families, school trips, work and student team bonding groups and sport enthusiasts.

Areas of outstanding natural beauty
an area designated by a government agency as having natural features of exceptional beauty and therefore given a protected status.

Cornwall, England
The climate is generally mild, with much frontal rain. The varied scenery and historical monuments attract many tourists to Cornwall.  Newquay is a popular beach location for surfers. Range of opportunities:In Cornwall there are 2,400 miles of miles to walk along the beach and along the beach there are  fantastic places to go and catch fish. Along the sea wall there are 180 miles of cycling tracks. Watersport’s in Cornwall are like the other location offering canoeing, windsurfing and paddle boarding. Lot of people visit every year and spend a lot of money , they come to explore the wide range of  species living in the sea water and in the dunes. There are loads of opportunities to take pictures of the scenery and wildlife. If you are interested in the geography side of Cornwall you can go visit the Eden project, observe the coast, do the longshore drift diagram and practice it in the sea. The AONB will attract families, school trips, work and student team bonding groups. Another group may be stag and hen do’s wanting a different kind of party.

Isle of Sicily, Cornwall
The population of all the islands is 2,203.Scilly forms part of the ceremonial county of Cornwall, and some services are combined with those of Cornwall. The Isles of Scilly form an archipelago of five populated islands and many other small rocky islets.The climate is exceptionally mild and there are countless golden beaches. Range of opportunities: There are  over 30 miles of walking and cycling trails to walk and many pit stops along the way selling delicious well earned food and drinks. If you want to do some fishing you can fish by the shore or on a  boat trip to the deeper water which has more fishes. The water sports activities are: diving, snorkelling, gig rowing, sailing, kayaking and windsurfing and in 2014, 149,000 tourists visited. The wildlife is a large array of animals and sea mammals. There is a yearly photo competition and the best photography wins a 2 night stay in a B&B. The AONB will attract families, school trips, work and student team bonding groups. Another group may be stag and hen dos wanting a different kind of party.

Dorset, South West England
The biggest towns in Dorset are Bournemouth and Poole. There are other smaller towns, some by the sea, like Weymouth and Lyme Regis. Dorset  has warm summers and mild winters. Range of opportunities: In Dorset there are  630 miles trail to explore by on feet or on bike, 3 lakes to go fishing in and the water-sports activities are sailing, diving and surfing. The team building activities are; wine tasting, day at the races or an off road driving experience. Dorset attracts many tourists yearly as it is a popular seaside destination and you are spoilt for choice with the wildlife. Also it is an ideal place to take landscape photos of the surrounding scenery. The geography related to Dorset is about learning about Durdel’s door and the Jurassic coast. The AONB will attract families, school trips, work and student team bonding groups. Another group may be stag and hen dos wanting a different kind of party.

Norfolk coast, East Anglia
Norfolk is home to the Norfolk Broads, a famous tourist and wildlife spot.With an area of 2,074 square miles and a population of 859,400, Norfolk is a largely rural county with a population density of 401 per square mile. Range of opportunities: In Norfolk you can walk or cycle for 1,200 miles  by following the trails through the beautiful surroundings. If fishing is more interesting there are certain sea locations, canals where you can fish, and other places and a 10 minute ferry ride to the Katie Louise  provides a great place to go and fish. The water sports that take place in Norfolk are;Windsurfing & Kayaking Sailing and Power boating. Furthermore the team building that can be arranged are as followed: Go-karting, clay pigeon shooting, extreme adventures with high ropes. Many wild birds live alongside the Norfolk boards so taking pictures of the wildlife can make a great entry to the competition to win a professional camera. Also in Norfolk you can learn about the Broads and the animals a plants and how they have adapted to live by the water. The AONB will attract families, school trips, work and student team bonding groups. Another group may be stag and hen dos wanting a different kind of party.

Cotswolds, England
The Cotswolds is a range of hills in central England, a hilly area reaching over 300 m. The highest point in the Cotswolds is Cleeve Hill at 330 m and The Cotswolds has one of the lowest population densities in England. Range of opportunities: In the Cotswolds there are 1,200 miles for walkers and cyclers. In total there are 70 lakes for coarse and fly fishing. Plus, also on some of the lakes there is a wide range of  water sports activities: windsurfing, waterskiing, wake boarding, sailing, canoeing and kayaking. Team building in the cotswolds consist of using  team games as icebreakers between students or colleges. Around 38 million people visit this Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty and there is 56 acres of wild gardens and rivers teeming with wildlife making the entire Cotswolds a great place to take pictures and as it is the largest AONB in the UK there is a big amount of natural geography to learn about. The AONB will attract families, school trips, work and student team bonding groups.

Coastal area
the interface or transition areas between lake and sea, including large inland lakes, Coastal areas are diverse in functions and form, dynamic and do net lend themselves well to definition by strict spatial boundaries.


Frinton-on-Sea is a small seaside town in the Tendring District of Essex, England. It is part of the Parish of Frinton and Walton. The population is 5,500.Range of opportunities: In Frinton there are 264 best walks and 339 cycle routes  by normal people wanting to push themselves. There are three major lakes in the seaside town. The only water sports they do is Canoeing & Kayaking and  paint balling is a great way to compete in teams to win. In 2011 tourists spent £182 million as the main attraction is the seaside and the living wildlife. Geography related you can learn about the sea formation and what future impacts the weathering has on the town. The AONB will attract families, school trips, work and student team bonding groups. Another group may be stag and hen dos wanting a different kind of party. Also elderly people enjoy Frinton-on-sea because it is quieter than Walton-on-Naze and has more older shops and is overall a more appealing seaside location.

 Mountainous area
an area of land that rises very high above the land around it and that is higher than hills.
Catbells, Cumbria

Catbells is a fell in the English Lake District in the county of Cumbria. It has a modest height of 451 metres but despite this it is one of the most popular fells in the area. It is situated on the western shore of Derwent Water within 3 miles (5 km) of the busy tourist town of Keswick. Its distinctive shape catches the attention of many visitors to the Lakes who feel compelled to climb to the summit after seeing it from the viewpoint of Friars Crag on the opposite side of Derwent Water. Range of opportunities: There are two ways of walking to the top of Catbells either a short climb or a scrambly path that takes longer but is more challenging or you can do mountain biking around the bottom of the mountain. There is a fell where you can do a little bit of fishing if you so wished. The only team building activity is  walking and which team can follow a route and get there first.It is a very tourist populated place as it has a car park at the bottom meaning it is accessible to all. Catbells is home to a wide range of diverse species which are mainly birds ; which also make it an ideal place to take pictures of the animals and the views from the top of the mountain. Rangers are about and school trips go to Catbells to learn how the mountain  was formed and ways to prevent erosion. The AONB will attract families, school trips, work and student team bonding groups.

a tract of land completely surrounded by water, and not large enough to be called a continent.

Isle of wight
The Isle of Wight is an
island that is just off the South coast of England. It is about 40 kilometres (25 miles) by 20 kilometres (13 miles) in size. About one hundred and twenty-thousand people live on the island. Range of opportunities: There are 500 miles of footpaths which allows a yearly walking festival to take place these events include speed dating walk, a children and adults only walk and a night time walk. Cycling in the Isle of Wight is voted one of the best places in the world to cycle and the coastline is also voted of one of the key sailing destinations in the world you can also do sea kayaking. Along the Isle of Wight there is 64 miles of coastline to do beach and rock fishing. Team building activities in this rural area are: climbing cliffs, mountain boarding and RIB rides. It is a very popular place for tourists to go to and there are 10 best locations in the island to take pictures. Finally you can learn about deposition, fold and erosion that has been happening since 120 million years ago. The AONB will attract families, school trips, work and student team bonding groups. Another group may be stag and hen dos wanting a different kind of party.s

Countryside-this will also be rural area for the merit grade
the land and scenery of a rural area and area with large green open spaces and is low populated  .

Yorkshire Dales

 The Yorkshire Dales has outstanding scenery, a strong cultural heritage and is generally breathing taking. Range of opportunities: There are short, guided, long and dog friendly walking routes and a challenging 130 mile long cycle way. The water sports which take place in the Yorkshire Dales are: canoeing, sailing, windsurfing and open water swimming. Team building activities are as followed: climbing, cycling, water sports, fell running and open water swimming competitions. 9.5 million tourists visit the Yorkshire Dales every year and spend roughly £400 million in total. There are over fifteen best places in the Dales to view the wildlife and there are around 30 different kinds of bird species. Painting courses take place and you learn to paint in a barn or in the great outdoors (depending on the weather). The Yorkshire Dales is home to one of the UK largest areas of limestone and you can learn about ways to make the place more sustainable as it is a honeypot site (attracts many tourists).
Merit work:

All of these opportunities available meet all different customer types and their motivation needs ( in detail below)

    There are educational talks which last 45-60 minutes and covers a wide range of issues happening at that time. At the end of the talk there is a chance to ask questions and have a discussion.

    Educational walks allow 25 people per leader to go on a 3-4 mile walk which lasts 5 hours to look and learn about the landscape, heritage, wildlife, community and economic issues.

    Dales countryside museum is where you can learn about the history of the Yorkshire Dales and what it was like in the olden times.

Education/ Adventure:

    You can do a level of Duke of Edinburgh course where you set off with just a backpack on your shoulders and a map and a group to find where the camp is and set up. It is aimed at 14-24 year olds.

Residential courses lets people who are doing the DOE (Duke of Edinburgh) to practice their outdoor skills through a practical task-based project during every August.

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